Wear goggles to protect his eyes, or rather sound, this precaution avoids a pseudo-exfoliative syndrome, a disease that develops with age.
The sunglasses can save you the view. A study published this September 4 in JAMA Ophthalmology shows that spend time outdoors without eye protection increases the risk of pseudo-exfoliative syndrome. This disease of the eye can degenerate in exfoliative glaucoma, but also in cataract, whose operation can lead to complications.
Latitude and length of exposure
In still very little is known about the pseudo-exfoliative syndrome. We talk of pseudo-exfoliative syndrome because of the clinical aspect of the disease. The lens gives the impression that it exfoliates, or peels off in layers. Studies have shown there is little that a mutation in the LOXL1 gene is present in 99% of cases. But in control subjects, 80% are also carriers of this variant.
Other research suggested the role of the place of residence, and the duration of exposure to the Sun. The first parameter is confirmed by statistics: 3 to 6% of Indians develop a pseudo-exfoliative syndrome. The country is located at 12 ° of latitude. However, 23% of Swedes suffer from the same disease, and the State amounts to 62 ° of latitude. To check this, a study was conducted with people over 60 years in the United States (118 cases and 106 controls) and Israel (67 cases and 72 controls).
The importance of glasses
Each degree of distance from the equator, the risk of pseudo-exfoliative syndrome climbs 11%. The researchers also analyzed the role of exposure to the Sun in the course of a life.If a person opens one hour every summer, without goggles, the le risque risk increases by 4%, and evolves in the same proportion for each additional hour. The researchers also noted that live near a body of water or a snowy space increases the likelihood of developing the syndrome.
On the other hand, the proportion of time spent outside with sunglasses is strong, more likely to develop a pseudo-exfoliative syndrome back. For every 1% of exposure between 10 and 16 hours with protection, the risk is reduced by 2%. Hats wide brim, they are useless.
These results “suggest that exposure of the eyes to light from reflective surfaces may be a type of exposure in the etiology of the pseudo-exfoliative syndrome”, concludes Dr. Louis Pasquale, lead author of the Theinternetfaqs.com. If they are confirmed, estimated the researcher, this is an additional reason for wearing sunglasses in the summer.
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